Saveetha College of Architecture and Design(A Unit of Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences) Organised Ecological Hand Made Tile Workshop on 15th June 2019. Morethan 20 members including faculty and students from Technical University of Braunschweig,Germany participated and got certified The indigenous handmade tiles are created by traditional building craftsmen over the last few centuries. They are characterized by their intricate and vivid colors. The hand-made tile craft originated from Athangudi Village in the Sivaganga district of Chettinad.
There has been a rich history of patterns and designs for these floor tiles. Today several designers and architects create their own designs in collaboration with indigenous craftsmen. Since these tiles are hand pressed, they consume very little energy to produce. This is an entirely hand-made technology and hence carries memories of the 16th and 17th century. The hand-made process makes these environmentally more sustainable and provide a greater sense of identity than industrialized machine pressed tiles.
However due to longer production times, and a consumerist society that desires the latest technology – the hand-made tile has had challenging times to survive. With more awareness on its sustainable features, it is hoped a larger number of architects would incorporate these indigenous processes in their contemporary designs.
The process of making the tiles involves placing a frame of the chosen design onto a glass plate. The glass plate is of the same size as the cast iron stencil frame. The oxide colours are poured into the stencil frame carefully along with cement slurry. A layer of dry sieved sand is sprinkled onto the layer evenly. And a layer of cement mortar with cement, sand and small aggregates is used. This mix is allowed to set. When the mix sets – the frame is removed and a layer of dry sand and cement is sprinkled on top. The tiles are kept cured in water for 7-14 days. When the tiles have formed, they are dried and the glass plate slides off. Rice husk/gunny cloth can be placed on the tiles to absorb excess moisture. The hand made indigenous tiles require minimal maintenance. If maintained well, they acquire a natural sheen over time. Tiles can be made in different sizes and colors. They are often combined along with natural stones. This indigenous building craft tradition is kept alive through interactive workshops and projects that utilize these rare tiles from a dying art.
This Indigenous building craftsmen teach these techniques which were handed down from one generation to another.
Poonamallee campus Saveetha Institute of Medical And Technical Sciences, 162,Poonamalle High Road, Chennai 600 077 TN INDIA Telephone : +91-44-2680 1050/1580 Mobile : +91-8939994248 Email : firstname.lastname@example.org